Dr. Fred Paillet recently retired as a research scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey. A former professor of geology, Fred has spent more than two decades collecting field data in many national parks and foreign countries. He has been visiting Alaska since 1988 and has experienced arctic environments in Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, and Central Asia, as well as numerous locations in the United States. He has been a staff member on several Sierra Club Alaska outings and is an accomplished artist and naturalist. Fred loves to capture the emotion and detail of the Arctic landscape in pen and ink drawings produced on the spot -- complete with flattened mosquito carcasses for authenticity.